And The Sun Came Down To Earth !Is More Of What Dr."B" Taught Us!
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This Happened At Fatima! But . . .No One Was Hurt !
The Sun Danced At Fatima!
When A Nuclear Bomb Is Detonated, It Is Almost What Is Going On In The Sun . . . For A Few Seconds...
After the atom bomb was created, and used at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the idea was conceived that a bigger bomb could be made—one that did not use fission, a process whereby the atom was split; but, as in the Roiling Sun's interior, Fusing two things or more together. This new bomb became known as a fusion, thermonuclear, super–or hydrogen bomb(s). They depended on the fission of larger atoms such as uranium or plutonium to ignite the fusion process.
It was known that the enormous amount of energy liberated by the sun came from fusion reactions of very high temperatures, and Edward Teller's (the father of the hydrogen bomb) idea was that a fission bomb might be used to heat a mixture of small atoms to such a high temperature that they would fuse together and liberate still more energy. The fission bomb would, in effect, be the detonator for the fusion bomb. The small atoms of hydrogen, deuterium or tritium — 1H, 2H, 3H, were thought to be the most likely to undergo fusion reactions and they could be packed around a central fission bomb to make a fusion bomb as large and as powerful as required.
"We therefore see, that fusion is the reverse of fission, whereby two nuclei are forced together to form a heavier one. A great deal of energy is required to accomplish this, because all atomic nuclei are positively charged, and the repulsion of like charges must be overcome.
"In nature, this happens under the enormous gravitational compression at the center of stars, such as our sun. In a thermonuclear weapon, it happens when fission energy is used to fuse together deterium and tritium to creat helium–4 (4He) plus a neutron plus energy. So far, no one has figured out how to control fusion in order to harness the energy released.
"Fusion is often thought to be 'cleaner' than fission, because it does not create radioactive fragments. But the neutrons that are released can cause whatever they are absorbed by to become highly radioactive. It is not clean energy." — A Field Guide To Radiation, Wayne Biddle
And these neutrons striking the nuclei of atoms of an absorbing material, will generate gamma rays. The absorbing material is whatever is in the environment at that time.
Therefore, we see, because all these things take place within fractions of a second to seconds, one must be well–trained and practiced in taking Evasive Tactics for self–protection, against a highly luminous mass and its heat. Then, the shock fronts, generally known as the 'Blast Wave' and a Mach Wave, all discussed below. And, after all this, you must know what to do about Fallout.
The Evasive Tactics involve, avoidance as much as possible, the luminous Mass, Heat (thermal radiation) and the primary, secondary, and third degree burns as well as blast injuries. Then, you must avoid Fallout! You must have a meter to know contamination areas in your own personal shelter as to which areas are "Safe", "High", or Moderately "Safe", and to check self and family members for contamination.
The Evasive Tactics as given in the April, May, June, July, and August issues (2015) of The Chembio Updates must be thought about, practiced, and rehersed with others too, so there is a meld in mind and body to forge a 'Ready Mindset' of action at the first sign of an attack with all the attendant things we have just been discusing and more so in detail below. To read it, but not practice it regularly for a mind meld of those actions will cause one to suffer, flash injuries, blindness, cataracts, thermal radiation severities, blast injuries and fallout problems.
Note Well! When this goes down, you will be on your own!
When The Sun Comes Down To Earth Again, These Are Actions The Public Can Expect...
Within A Fraction of A Second, There Will Be A Highly Luminous Mass.
During this time, after the explosion, a highly destructive high–pressure wave, known as 'The Blast Wave', develops in the air around the fireball and moves rapidly away, behaving like a moving wall of highly compressed air. After the lapse of 10 seconds, when the fireball of a 1–megaton nuclear bomb has attained its maximum size diameter of about 7,200 feet across, the blast front—the front of the blast wave, is about 3 miles out. From the bomb's epicenter or actually, 'Ground Zero', the radius is 3,600 feet.
After A Millisecond, The Fireball of a 1–megaton nuclear bomb explosion, from 60 miles away, will be a number of times brighter than the Sun at noon!
Within seven–tenths of a millisecond from the detonation, the fireball from a 1–megaton bomb reaches a radius of about 220 feet, and this increases to a maximum of about 3,600 feet in 10 seconds. The diameter is then some 7,200 feet and the fireball is rising at the rate of 250 to 350 feet per second.
After One Minute, the fireball has cooled to such an extent, that is is no longer luminous, and is risen to about 4.5 miles from the point of burst. Then, the blast wave has traveled nearly 12 miles or so. It is now moving outward at about 1,150 feet per second, which is a little faster than the speed of sound at sea level.
When the blast wave strikes the surface of the earth, if it was an air burst low enough, it creates a Mach Wave, which can cause considerable material damage.
The above demands you know what to do immediately, as you do not have time except, to 'Turn, Duck, & Dive For Cover! Place arms over over the head to help in protecting the head from injuries. The flash can burn out one's retinas! It can also cause cataract formation later.
The Blast Injuries Are:
Primary Blast Injuries, caused by high pressures of the blast wave.
Those from the impact of missiles thrown about (watch out for flying glass as well) by the force of the blast.
Result of being thrown about by the blast; and,
Miscellaneous injuries, such as exposure to ground shock—nuclear explosions near or on the ground; dust inhalation; fires caused by the explosion, burns and/or radiation.
And This Too...From Nuclear War Survival Skills 1987, Cresson H. Kearny
A fast–rising over pressure of as little as 5 psi will break some people's eardrums. At overpressures of 15 to 20 psi, 50% of the people who are exposed will have their eardrums broken.
However, persons near a shelter wall may have their eardrums broken by somewhat less than half of these unreflected overpressures. (Any wall may reflect blast waves and greatly increase overpressures near it.) Broken eardrums are not serious in normal times, but after a nuclear attack this injury is likely to be far more dangerous to persons in crowded shelters without effective medical treatment.
Lung damage, that can result from overpressures are as low as 10 to 12 psi, would also be more serious under post–attack conditions.
Hence, it would be advisible to open one's mouth and shout to hopefully equalize the pressures as the blast wave arrives!
Casualties from Thermal Radiation
This will be a big problem! We suggest to avoid injury and/or death by getting underground if possible before, if a warning system is up, the blasts arrive. Have on hand Colloidal Silver Spray and antibiotics to help with pain and infection from burns. Have aspirin or other pain killers.
From The Department of Defense, Office of Civil defense, March 1963, Radiological Defense Text Book:
It is convenient to divide thermal burns due to a nuclear explosion into two classes, namely (1) primary burns, and (2) secondary burns. As in the case of blast injuries, the terms primary and secondary refer to the manner in which the burns are inflicted. Those in the first class are a direct result of thermal radiation from the bomb, while those in the second group arise indirectly from fires caused by the explosion. From the medical point of view, a burn is a burn, whether received as a flash burn from the initial thermal burst or, at a later time, from the burning environment.
Experiments in the laboratory and in the field have established criteria for assessing the degree of thermal damage to be expected for doses of thermal radiation delivered to human tissue within specified time limits. Medical diagnosis usually recognizes three grades of thermal injury:
First, Second, and Third Degree injury in ascending order of severity.
A first degree burn corresponds to a moderate sunburn or erythema (redness of the skin). Such damage, while quite painful, is reparable with time and requires no special treatment, beyond the relief of pain.
The second–degree burn involves the skin thickness down to and including portions of the dermis. A characteristic feature of a second–degree burn involves the skin thickness down to and including portions of the dermis. A characteristic feature of second–degree burns in the formation of blisters. The second–degree burn is extremely painful but also reparable with time. Infection usually occurs since the protection of the epidermis has been pierced, leaving the tissues open to infective pathogens. Given time and opportunity to combat infection, the majority of second–degree wounds heal without undue after effects, though permanent pigmentation changes may persist.
The third–degree burn involves complete destruction of the whole skin thickness. Except for very small area burns these are not reparable with time but require skin grafting in all cases. Infection is invariably present. Paradoxically, the third–degree burn is not as painful as the second–degree burn because the nerve endings have been destroyed; yet, third–degree burns to more than 25 percent of the human body area might represent a fatal injury.
The treatment of severe thermal injury on areas in excess of 25 percent of the whole body represents a grave medical problem even in a modern hospital and under the best of circumstances. For mass burn casualties under field conditions the situation takes on over–whelming proportions. An unwarned urban population caught out of doors during a nuclear attack would suffer almost complete annihilation from blast and thermal energy out to a radius of many miles from ground zero.
While it is feasible to avoid the prompt thermal flash by taking cover, it is not so evident how to avoid the secondary effects of the burning environment which develops soon after the burst.
It is probable that burns from secondary fires engendered by the bomb would represent a major proportion of the casualties even for a population which had received warning of imminent attack. (From 65–85% of the atom bomb survivors in Japan were burned to some degree.)
And More From The Department of DefenseRadiological Text Book:
With weapons of larger yields, but, you won't know the tonnage of the nuclear device, you will have greater time—in seconds—for evasive action, since the small weapons are more effective in producing thermal injury because the larger weapons require anywhere from 5 seconds to 15 seconds to deliver 60 percent of the thermal dose.
Nuclear weapons of 10–100KT deliver at lease 60% of the total thermal radiation from a second radiation pulse in less than 0.5 second.
Weapons in the 1–10 MT, while producing more thermal energy over a greater radius from the burst than weapons of 100KT or less, deliver this thermal energy at a much slower rate than the small weapons. Thus, small weapons are more effective in producing thermal injury because the large weapons take more time, from 5 to 15 seconds, to rid theirselves of 60 percent of their dose of thermal energy.
This illustrates a most important factor:
The larger the weapon, the greater the time available for evasive action.
However, evasive tactics must be exercised before 60 percent of a 10 MT weapon, has been delivered. For personnel well indoctrinated in evasive tactics, and this means also in practice, this could mean the difference between a moderate sunburn and severe thermal injury.
Temporary or permanent blindness could be caused by the thermal radiation if a person is looking in the general direction of the fireball at the precise moment of detonation. The lens of the eye focuses heat as well as light rays on the retina of the eye. Thus in addition to temporary or "flash" blindness of a few seconds or minutes duration from the intense light, actual burns of the retina could occur from undue amounts of thermal radiation entering the eye.
Neither flash blindness nor retinal damage constitute major hazards during daylight because of natural restriction of the diameter of the pupil which limits the amount of light entering the eye; furthermore the blink reflex, one hundred and fifty thousandths of a second, protects the eye from undue amounts of radiation, except in those cases where the thermal pulse is delivered within extremely short times. This is the case for low–yield weapons and can also be true for high altitude bursts.
It is an interesting fact that among the survivors in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, eye injuries directly attributable to thermal radiation appeared to be relatively unimportant. There were many cases of temporary blindness, occasionally lasting up to 2 or 3 hours,
but more severe eye injuries were not common.
The eye injury known as keratitis (an inflammation of the cornea) occurred in some instances. The symptoms, including pain caused by light, foreign–body sensation, lachrymation, and redness, lasted for periods ranging from a few hours to several days. — Ibid
This Is Something You Definitely Want To Be Mindful OfWhen The Sun Comes Down To The Earth!The Effect of Smoke, Fog & Shielding...
In the event of an air burst occurring above a layer of dense cloud, smoke, or fog, an appreciable portion of the thermal radiation will be scattered upward from the top of the layer. This scattered radiation may be regarded as lost, as far as a point on the ground is concerned. In addition, most of the radiation which penetrates the layer will be scattered and very little will reach the given point by direct transmission. The two effects (smoke or fog) will result in a substantial decrease in the amount of thermal energy reaching a ground target.
It is important to understand that the decrease in thermal radiation by fog and smoke will be realized only if the burst point is above or, to a lesser extent, within the fog (or similar) layer. If the explosion should occur in moderately clear air beneath a layer of cloud, or fog, some of the radiation which would normally proceed outward into space will be scattered back to earth. As a result, the thermal energy received will actually be greater than for the same atmospheric transmission condition without a cloud or fog cover.
Unless scattered, thermal radiation from a nuclear explosion, like ordinary light in general, travels in a straight line from its source, the fireball. Any solid object, opaque material, such as a wall, a hill, or a tree, between a given object and the fireball, will act as a shield and provide protection from thermal radiation. Transparent materials, on the other hand, such as glass or plasties (sic) allow thermal radiation to pass through, only slightly absorbed.
In the case of an explosion in the kiloton range, it would be necessary to take evasive action within a small fraction of a second if an appreciable decrease in thermal injury is to be realized. The time appears to be too short for such action to be possible. On the other hand, for explosions in the megaton range, evasive action taken within a second or two of the appearance of the ball of fire could reduce the severity of injury due to thermal radiations in many cases and may even prevent injury in others. — Ibid
From CDC For Checking For Contamination!
See This Again:How To Remove Your Outer Garments That Are Contaminated!
Recall This?This Is Performed When You Are In Your Radiation Home Shelter Anteroom.Then, After Removal of Pants, Cut–Off Upper Garments.Go Immediately & Wash With Soap And Water—Entire Body.
After Cleansing The Body, Have Your Survey Meter Ready and Retrace Your Steps In Your Shelter, Checking for Any Contamination. Any Present, Using Previous Given Charts To Ascertain Danger Level. If Positive In Danger Zone, Sweep Carefully and Remove.
What Does He Know We Don't? He's Studying Everything Dealing With Hard Physical Changes...
This Sounds Like A Pole Shift Coming...
Dr. "B" More Than Once Said To Me:"There's An Ungeheuer Out There–A Monster, & It Will Come In Before Too Long!"
And This One Is Definitely A Sign He KnowsSomething's Coming:
Is This What He's Preparing For?
For Those Regular Readers of ChemBioUpdate
It's Still Coming
Understand The Following :
From Public Protection From Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological TerrorismHealth Physics Society 2004 Summer School
Keep In Mind When Practicing With Your Radiological Instruments, What Raymond H. Johnson, Jr. Writes:
"Measurements of the amount of contamination (radioactivity) are best made in units of counts/minute (cpm) because radioactivity is defined in terms of disintegrations (radiation emissions or decays) per minute (dpm). Dr. Allen Brodsky confirms this in his book: Actions For Survival, use 'Counts Per Minute'."
As you saw in the above videos, have a 'Pancake' probe for your radiological detection instruments; "The most sensitive (three times better than the end window GM) is the pancake GM tube." We have found this to be true for other types of radiological detection instruments.
"After working in areas of suspected removable contamination, it is important to survey (frisk) for contamination on emergency responders' hands, body, bottoms of shoes, and clothing. Instrumentation choices are the pancake GM (preferred over an end window GM tube because of its larger surface area and greater sensitivity) for medium–to high–energy beta emitters. If the surveyor uses poor technique (probe movement too fast or detector held too far above surfaces), the use of a GM may be inadequate for low energy beta emitters, such as 14C and 35S.
The following he gives for Verifying Adequate Instrument Operation:
"Battery Check... check whether the meter has batteries installed. Since batteries are prone to discharge and leakage if left in meters for several months, it is a good idea to remove the batteries when meters may not be used for several weeks or longer. . . replace with fresh batteries...dead batteries...may have leaked or corroded with resulting damage to the meter. If this happens, remove the corroded batteries and attempt to clean the battery terminals with a flat blade screwdriver or a small wire brush.
"Clean the battery contacts as gently as possible to avoid damaging the contacts. Be sure the spring–loaded contacts in the base of the meter are free to move. If the meter fails to respond to new batteries, then it may have a damaged circuit board or broken battery terminal connector from battery corrosion and it will need to be sent to a repair shop.
"Check Source Response... Often first responders believe that recent calibration is an adequate basis for assuming the instrument will respond properly. However, without a check source there is no way to verify instrument operation at the actual time of an emergency.
"Possible Cable Failure... "If the check source is verified as suitable but the probe still does not respond, the reason may be cable failure. Check that the cable is attached tightly to both the meter base and the probe. Also check the cable for visible signs of damage, such as broken insulation, which occurs usually at the cable end fittings. If the cable appears sound and is tightly attached, check to see whether the meter responds erratically when the cable is stretched or flexed. Often cables fail from internal damage that is not visible to the eye.
"If the meter still does not respond, or responds erratically, then replace the cable. Next to batteries, cables are the weakest component of portable survey instruments. It is always a good idea to keep an extra cable or two on hand for replacements. When ordering extra cables, be careful to specify the proper connectors for both the meter base and the probe."
Or, just give the make and model number to the company you ordered the radiological instrument from. Call that company!
"Possible Probe Failure..."After replacing the probe cable, if you still get no response from the meter, it may due to probe failure. First, check for obvious signs of probe damage. For instance, if the mica window is broken on an end window or pancake GM (or other) probe, then the probe will not function."
The Geiger Muller tube may have been damaged and it is located in the probe of later models of radiological instruments.
"If there is no obvious indication of probe damage, the other way to check for probe failure is to replace it with a probe from another meter that you know is working. If the replacement probe works on your meter, that is a good indication of failure of the original probe. If the meter still fails to respond, that is an indication of meter base failure. Either probe failure or meter base failure will require repair in a meter repair shop."
We suggest to contact the company that manufactures the instrument you have, then return it for repairs.
Dr. "B" Has Spoken On The Following Numerous Times In The Kong Reports. And Now, Health Physicist Johnson Does Too!
Operator Fatigue And Noise
"Fatigue: When individuals are tired they are less able to discern differences in the audible count rate of an instrument (they may miss that extra click). Another result for fatigue is boredom, which may lead to apathy and inattention to detail. Tasks such as repetitive surveys of large areas may lead to apathethic fatigue. This may also happen when hours of surveying go by without detecting any signal above the normal background readings. It is essential to keep individuals motivated by rotating assignments of emergency responders so that this type of fatigue does not become a factor.
"Noise: Since emergency responders often reply on an audible signal (increase in clicks) from a portable field instrument, the level of background noise can mask the ability to hear the increased count rate. In very noisy areas emergency responders may require headsets or earpieces to discern changes in count rate.
"It has been noted that the use of a headset increased the ability of a surveyor to discern contamination by a factor of 10 (EPA 1997).
"Likewise, if surveys are being conducted in a quiet building, the surveyor may reduce the volume of the instrument to avoid disturbing or upsetting people in the area.
"Emergency responders in full anticontamination clothing with self–contained breathing apparatus (moon suits) may also find that they cannot hear the sound of their meters. This may result in a great loss of sensitivity in conducting contamination surveys. Likewise, in a full moon suit, responders may find that they have difficult reading their meters."
Dr. "B" Reminds Us, That In Order To Get The Best Readings, Without Going Into The Geometry of The Meter:
"The best readings one gets is dependent on how they hold the pancake or probe. It should be held in the same orientation the meter was used, with the probe for calibration. That is, pancake probes are calibrated flat to the source, which is parallel with the source, and in testing for contamination, the pancake probe should be held in the same manner to the object being tested; not at at angle or askew!"
Are You Truly Prepared For This?
You Can Have Gold, Silver, Weapons, Ammunition And Food & WaterBut What Good Will Any Of That Do YouIf You Have No Knowledge Of What To Do In A Radiation Cloud, Let Alone The Flash, With Its Thermal Radiation?Then The Blast Wave And The Mach Wave! The People Are Not Being Told The Most Important Things! All Of The Other Will Be Important Later, If You Survive The Blast Wave. Then . . You Will Need The Other Things When Sheltering, With Your Radiological Instruments!
Do You Know How To Do This?
Check Your Alternator when You Install A New Battery If You Have To Run!
It Will Tell You Much...Such As, "Have More Than One New Vehicle Battery"For, If Your Alternator Is Not Charging It As You Operate Your Vehicle, Then, The Battery Will Run Down! Drive Safe & Know.
A simple check of the alternator can be made by connecting a voltmeter across the battery terminals and then starting the car. There should be three distinct readings:
This Is What You Do Periodically:
Electrical Checks On Your Alternator
With The Vehicle Off, Connect A Volt Meter Leads Across The Battery Terminals — Black To Black; Red To
Red With Volt Meter Off Also.
Then, If You Have A Self–Starter; or, Have Someone In Your Running Party, Sit in Your Vehicle, Start The Vehicle. Or, If You Thought Ahead And Have Long Leads (Three Feet, Ten Inches To Four Feet), After Connecting The VM To The Battery, Lower The Hood Gently, Not Slamming It Down; Nor Locking It, Leaving Enough Room For The Cable Leads Not To Be Crushed; Set The Meter On The Lowered Hood, Then, You, With The Meter On, Start The Vehicle.
The Following Is What You Should Notice:
The Battery Reads, Before You Start The Vehicle, 12. 6 or more.
When The Vehicle Is Started, The VM (Volt Meter) Drops To 10 And No Less; However, If The Battery Is Really Charged Up, It May Only Go To 11. Then...
The VM Should Rise To near 14 Volts Or More!
This Means Your Alternator Is Working In Pristine Condition And Is Charging Your Battery!
It is Now time to start downsizing....do you really need three or four vehicles...Cable or Direct TV... etc.? We do suggest you get a dedicated fax line. Join a number of fax networks to stay apprised of what is coming and when it comes; what is going down.
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